Loreto, the biodiversity of the Peruvian Amazon


If there is a different place in Peru, where the biodiversity and the nature They are its greatest exponent, that region is that of Loreto, in the north of the country bordering Ecuador, Colombia and Brazil. It is a different, jungle Peru, with another climate and another landscape, a destination that you have to know if you are going to visit the country.

Cover image:Pacaya Samiria Reserve, Loreto © Jungle Experiences

Peru, the richest country in the world, invites us to discover that it is not richer who else has but who more unforgettable experiences lives. And to start living them you have to travel to Peru, a place where the diversity and authenticity of its culture, nature and gastronomy, keep the essence of life itself.

Trekking in the jungle: Trekking in the jungle, Loreto © Leonel Ortiz / PromPerú

Embark on a trip through Peru is to immerse yourself in a real, unique and unique experience. This is a country where we can meet Caral, the oldest civilization in America; or reach the heart of the powerful Inca empire that gave us an architectural wonder like Machu Picchu.

The Loreto region (Peru), the cradle of the Amazon

So rich that we can glide over dunes, go through lost cities and walk through the Amazon jungle. We have all this and more in the richest country in the world, Peru.

We could say that Peru is the richest country in the world. Rich in culture, exuberant nature, unforgettable experiences, incredible cuisine and where diversity and authenticity keep the essence of life itself.

Knowing the region

Loreto is a huge region, since it occupies almost 30% of the country. To give you an idea, that is two thirds of what Spain is. Iquitos is the capital of the region and is the main point to know the Amazon River.

In this corner of Peru, the Amazon stands out for being the longest and largest river in the world, where on its long journey, travel the Peruvian lowland jungle. It is also the heart of an important ecosystem where they live endangered species, like the turtle charapa (Podocnemis expansa) and the pink dolphin (Inia geofrensis), in addition to paiches, piranhas, and in its waters the Victoria Regia.

The Loreto region in the Peruvian Amazon has a great diversity of natural attractions and sighting activities of flora and fauna ideal for nature lovers and biodiversity. It is an excellent alternative for those travelers who want to know an alternative, different and special place in Peru.

Iquitos, the door to the Amazon

Iquitos is a city to visit, different, where places such as the Iron House, designed by Gustave Eiffel, he Amazon Museum with its collection of indigenous statues and the boardwalk Tarapacá, where you can see the houses built during the time of the rubber boom, with mansions plated with tiles.

The capital is the main gateway to Pacaya Samiria, the most important natural reserve in the region, with more than 85 lakes and lush vegetation that houses mammals like the Jaguar, the wild cat or the ronsoco (the largest rodent in the world). It is also easy to see multiple species of monkeys, some in danger of extinction, among which are the black maquisapa, the monkey with the yellow breast and the choro.

Image credit: Otorongo © Alex Bryce / PromPerú

Living experiences in Loreto

To travel to Loreto is to live an authentic experience. There are multiple activities to do, from walks or night and boat trips on the rivers to see and hear the sounds of nature. For the most demanding there luxury cruises, or in research boats that go in for weeks to observe the flora and fauna of the place. Another option to explore the jungle are the numerous lodges of Iquitos (see more in our article on Iquitos), which also offer community tourism experiences with native communities

One of the experiences we liked most was to make a cruise on the Amazon. These furrow the tributaries and the Amazon itself through the most important river routes of the Amazon forest. An unforgettable experience!

Practical data

When to go to the Amazon?

The best time is to do it in the dry season, which covers the months April until the end of September. In October the rains begin although in the Amazon basin it begins a little later. Visiting it in the rainy season will guarantee you abundant water and in fact many of the routes that you do on foot during the dry season, with rains are done in canoe, which makes photography difficult, but the experience must be very beautiful.

Image credit: Pacaya Samiria Reserve, Loreto © Jungle experiences

How to get to Iquitos?

From within Peru the only option aerial always go through Lime. There are no flights from other cities. On the other hand, from abroad there is the odd combination as from Panama. Therefore, if we are in Cuzco or Machu Picchu, we will have to turn around and return to the capital.

Amazon excursions

There are multiple cruise ships and excursions to Pacaya Samiria, do you want to meet them?

See excursions in Loreto

Travel insurance

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